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The SEO Expert’s Guide to Conducting Keyword Research

May 7, 2020

seo

If you’re publishing content online, a detailed understanding of how to perform keyword research and how to target specific keywords is essential.

It's a basic component of SEO. In fact, SEMRush’s database alone estimates the use of 18.8 billion keywords across 717 million domains. If you’re not targeting the right keywords with real search volume, you’re not going to get any visitors to your site.

It’s that simple.

Looking for highly targeted or profitable keywords is a bit like panning for gold. There are billions of keywords to sift through to find the ones you want, so how do you find keywords that will bring traffic to your site?

The easiest way is by using SEO tools for keyword research. There are various tools on the market designed to crunch all the data behind the billions of keywords people type into search engines every day.

Here’s a look at what keyword research is, why it’s vitally important to any digital marketing and organic growth strategies, and some of the best keyword research tools on the market.

Why are keywords important for SEO?

Keywords are the driving force behind SEO. The primary role of a search engine like Google is to return the most relevant results based on the keywords someone types in. That’s how they determine what the searcher’s intent is.

Keywords play a huge role in which pages the search engine shows a user. If you’re searching for “keyword tools,” you can be sure all the pages in the search results are going to be about keyword tools.

Now, keywords are only part of the puzzle. Google has a complex algorithm that uses hundreds of ranking factors and calculations to serve up a select few web pages from the billions of pages in its index. But keywords are one of the most important SEO factors. You compromise your other efforts when you fail to use the right keywords.

By finding keywords that are relevant to your business, you can then target those keywords in your content and provide the answer. Proper keyword research involves finding low competition keywords with high search volume. It’s also a way to find search terms and topics you would otherwise never have even considered.

Long-tail vs. short-tail keywords

When you start learning about keywords, you’ll hear the terms “long-tail” and “short-tail.” The definition for each of these terms is as follows:

  • Short-tail keywords: As the name suggests, these are short keywords. Generally speaking, they’ll be 2-3 words long.

Examples of short-tail keywords are:

  • Short-tail keywords
  • Organic SEO
  • Keyword research

Short-tail keywords typically have high search volume, but as you can see from the examples, they’re not highly specific or targeted. That means if you can rank well for terms like these, you’ll get a lot of traffic. It may not be traffic that converts well, however, as it’s hard to answer a specific question or query with a few words.

  • Long-tail keywords are keyword phrases that span any length longer than 3 keywords.

Examples of long-tail keywords are:

  • How do I find good long-tail keywords?
  • Is organic SEO better than PPC for long-term traffic?
  • How do I do keyword research for an e-commerce site?

Comparing these keywords to the short-tail examples above, by adding more words, you’re able to ask a more specific question. Typically, the longer the keyword, the less search volume. However, if you can rank well for long-tail keywords there is a lot of potential to convert the traffic.

When deciding which type of keyword is best for you, the answer is almost always going to be long-tail keywords. They are typically more specific in nature. There are also fewer long-tail keywords to find, and most will be less competitive than short-tail phrases.

5 SEO keyword research best practices

In SEO terms, keywords are the phrases and terms people type into search engines when searching for something, such as an answer, product, or service.

Choosing the right keywords is one of the most important aspects of any SEO strategy. Without targeting the right keywords to start with, you’re likely wasting your time doing anything else from that point onwards.

Ideally, you want to find low competition keywords with high search volume. While extremely low competition/high volume keywords are like unicorns, by understanding the fundamentals of keyword research and adhering to best practices, you’ll find profitable keywords that rank.

Here are some of the most important SEO keyword research best practices to help you find the right terms. 

1. Discover what your niche is searching for

Relevancy is everything when brainstorming keywords. You need to know what your niche is, and identify what your target customers are searching for.

For example, if you’re an ecommerce business selling furniture, you’re going to look for keywords related to the furniture industry. You can then dig a level deeper to find e-commerce SEO keywords related to your individual products. This may mean targeting types of furniture, such as a style of chair or table. Or it might make more sense to target brand or product keywords.

2. Lean on brand and product terms as keywords

There are lots of different types of keywords, but broadly speaking, you can group keywords into two general categories:

  • Informational keywords such as “how-to” or “which [x] is best for” posts, and
  • Buyer intent keywords such as branded or product terms, or “best” keywords

If you have an e-commerce business or want to target commercial keywords, focus on buyer intent keywords. Leaning on branded or product terms is a great way to find a lot of keywords with established search volume.

When people are looking to buy online, they will often type in the brand or product name that they’re interested in. Some examples of branded search queries would be:

  • [Brand name] reviews
  • Best [brand name] tables
  • [Brand name] alternatives
  • [Brand name] tables under $500

3. Create a list of SEO-worthy topics you can pull keywords from

You have to be organized when doing keyword research. Otherwise, you’ll keep going off in different directions and lack topical relevance.

The starting point for any site is to come up with five to 10 topics or categories to group keywords under. Most sites use the categories they already have on their site. You can pick something more relevant to you, such as different brands or types of products.

For a furniture site, for example, you might start with the following topics:

  • Dining furniture
  • Kitchen furniture
  • Bedroom furniture
  • Garden furniture

4. Research your topics, then research related terms

The next step is to start looking for relevant keywords for each of your topics/categories. The two main ways you can do this are using keyword research tools and typing keywords into Google and using the autofill feature and related search terms.

If you’re brainstorming by typing your terms directly into Google, just by typing in “best dining room chairs," you see the following long-tail keywords under the People also ask section:

people also ask
 

Additionally, just by adding a space after the last word I saw all of these auto-suggested keywords: 

dining room chairs

 

That’s 10 more keywords to look into just by typing in one seed keyword! You can then add these to the list of keywords you’re running through your keyword tool to find out how competitive they are. Some keyword tools will generate these terms for you.

However you go about finding keywords, the two key metrics you’re looking for are the monthly search volume, and how competitive they are. You can find the search volume by using a keyword research tool or using Google’s Keyword Planner.

To determine how competitive a keyword is, again, you can use a keyword research tool that will typically have its own scores. Or, you can manually look at the search results for that keyword and make your own judgment (we don’t recommend this method).

When you have a list of keywords within each category that are relevant to your business, you’re all set to start producing quality content that’ll match up with search intent and provide value to the user through your content.

5. See how your competitors rank for the keywords you’re targeting

The final step is to take a look why and how your competitors are ranking for the keywords you’re targeting. Don’t forget, Google is an algorithm. A complex one, but just an algorithm all the same.

The sites ranking in the top 10 are there for a reason, and it usually comes down to one of two things:

  • The content and how it’s structured
  • The number of links pointing to the page

As a general rule of thumb, here is how you can try to beat the algorithm in each of these areas. 

Content 

Search intent is an important ranking factor for Google. The type of content you produce should be similar to that of the pages already ranking. This means if all the results are e-commerce pages, you’ll need an e-commerce page. If they’re listicles, you’ll need to produce a listicle.

Next, you need to go that extra mile beyond what they did. Find a way you can produce a bigger, better, more in-depth, more up-to-date article. If you want to go a level deeper, you can look for a trend in how many times your target keyword appears in the top-ranking pages. If they all use it three times, for example, that’s the sweet spot to ensure you don’t over or under-optimize.

Links

Links from other sites are a powerful ranking factor. No two links are equal, so it’s hard to judge how many you need. As a general guideline, however, you should aim to promote your article to attract at least as many links as your competitors have.

7 keyword research tools to help you find the right keywords

As we mentioned before, using a keyword tool to help you find the right keywords is extremely valuable. Using a keyword tool is more efficient, and it ensures that you’re targeting the best terms. Some keyword tools are an investment, while others cost nothing. Here are seven keyword research tools on the market today.

GrowthBar

GrowthBar is a Chrome extension, not software or an application like most of the other keyword tools on this list.

growthbar
 

The benefit to this is that you get all the information you need; keyword difficulty, monthly volume, backlinks analysis, and suggested keywords, all within the search results page. While it won’t populate large amounts of data or be suitable to manage multiple campaigns for clients, it’s a great lightweight solution for an individual doing keyword research.

Pros:

  • It’s a lightweight Chrome extension and provides all the data within your search results page
  • Provides a keyword difficulty metric to help you determine if you should target a keyword
  • A great resource to find related and long tail keywords

Cons:

  • Doesn’t have the depth of reporting features other larger SEO software tools do

Ahrefs Keyword Explorer 

Ahrefs is a powerful SEO toolkit that will perform keyword research and a lot more.

ahrefs
 

The key features of this SEO tool are:

  • Keyword research
  • Competitor analysis
  • Rank tracking
  • Backlink research
  • Content research

You’ll never run out of keyword ideas with an Ahrefs subscription. It has an intuitive and easy to use interface, so it’s easy for beginners and experienced SEOs alike. It’s a popular choice within agencies, as it makes it easy to track any number of keywords and perform detailed competitor analysis.

Pros:

  • They boast the largest and most comprehensive database to pull data from
  • 24/7 support on hand if you run into any problems
  • Easy to use interface and a wide range of reporting options

Cons:

  • It’s one of the most expensive tools on the market
  • An agency would better utilize the details and complex range of tools than a single user would

Moz keyword explorer

Moz is one of the longest and most well-established SEO software providers in the space dating back to 2004.

moz
 

With a Moz Pro subscription, you get access to their:

  • Keyword research tool
  • Competitor analysis tool
  • Detailed reporting features
  • Backlink analysis
  • Rank tracking software

They also offer a free Chrome extension that displays some keyword information and competitor analysis data within the search results page.

Pros:

  • One of the easiest tools on the market to use
  • It has a wide range of tools if you want to expand outside of just keyword research
  • Their difficulty metrics are clear and easy to understand

Cons:

  • If you’re just after a keyword research tool, then there are more straightforward, less expensive options

Google Search Console

The Google Search Console is a free resource provided by Google to give you insights into how your site is performing.

google search console
 

Most of the insights are going to be in retrospect when used as a keyword research tool. This is because you can look at all the keywords your existing articles are appearing in the Google search results for, not branch out into other topics.

You’ll likely spot some long-tail keywords you can better optimize your content for, or write up a new article for those keywords. It’s a great way to find real data from Google themselves, but you won’t find many brand-new keywords or have any difficulty metrics to work with.

Pros:

  • Accurate keyword data straight from Google
  • Free to use
  • Provides insights into other areas of how your articles are performing

Cons:

  • Doesn’t give any keyword difficulty metrics

Google Ads Keyword Planner

The Google Ads Keyword Planner is where a lot of the keyword tools pull their seed data. Google provides the estimated monthly search volume for keywords within their planner so advertisers can use this data to bid on keywords.

google ads kw planner

The Keyword Planner is an excellent tool for finding keywords and checking the search traffic, but it doesn’t give any kind of difficulty metric - that’s where other tools really prove their worth.

Pros:

  • Free and easy to use way to find lots of potential keywords
  • Shows you an accurate estimated monthly search volume

Cons:

  • No difficulty metrics to help determine if you can rank for the keywords

Keywords Everywhere 

Keywords Everywhere is a simple Chrome extension that adds the following metrics next to keywords in the search results.

kw everywhere

 

With Keywords Everywhere, you can track:

  • Monthly search volume
  • Cost per click
  • AdWords competition

It also populates a “People also search for” field on the right sidebar in the search results with some additional related keywords. This can help you discover your audience search intent. It’s one of the fastest and easiest ways to see the search volume for keywords while browsing the web, but it does lack difficulty metrics.

Pros:

  • Available as a Chrome or Firefox extension
  • Nothing for you to do, all the monthly volume and CPC data automatically populates

Cons:

  • No difficulty metrics or SERP analysis

Keywordtool.io

Keywordtool.io has some exciting functionality other tools do not offer, such as enabling you to do keyword research for YouTube, Bing, Amazon, eBay, Instagram, and Twitter.

kw tool io

Google may dominate the majority of organic searches online, but there are several other search engines, and you might be missing out on traffic and sales by ignoring them. It has a simple browser interface. You just type in the keywords you’re interested in, and the tool populates hundreds of related keywords with keyword difficulty, search volume, and trend metrics.

Pros:

  • A great tool for generating a list of long tail keywords
  • You can perform keyword research outside of Google. The tool supports eBay, Bing, Amazon, and more

Cons:

  • It’s lacking some of the reporting functionality other tools have

Conclusion

That’s a brief look at seven of the best keyword research tools on the market. Each offers something different depending on how deep and detailed you want to take your keyword research.

For a free option to carry out basic keyword research, you can start out with Google Search Console and Keyword Planner. When you’re ready to start analyzing the search results and evaluating keyword difficulty, Growth Bar offers the widest range of keyword research tools with an affordable price tag. For detailed expert analysis, Ahrefs provides the most complete SEO toolkit but comes with the highest price tag. 

Now that you know all about keyword research best practices, learn how to avoid keyword stuffing

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