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Preparing for the Future of Cloud Testing

December 19, 2023

cloud testing

Remote, decentralized access is vital to business operations today.

Cloud computing technology allows for delivering and storing data and other computing services over the internet. It provides on-demand availability of computing resources like servers, data storage, databases, and more. The primary goal of cloud computing is to give several users access to data centers at any time.

Cloud providers have made it easier for businesses to use cloud storage solutions that provide greater security procedures. 

Organizations choose cloud computing services because of their potential to save costs and the freedom they provide to use the services as a pay-as-you-use model.

There are three types of cloud available:

  • Public cloud is open to the public, where cloud providers help businesses as needed.
  • Private cloud is fully managed under the data privacy terms of the organization and available to authorized personnel within the organization.
  • Hybrid cloud is a combination of features of both public and private cloud. Hybrid cloud allows organizations to define policies based on their business needs.

Cloud computing is a readily available tailor-made solution that offers flexibility by providing servers, storage, databases, networking, and software. This helps businesses save time as they no longer have to install and set up the above environments.

Earlier, servers and data storage were maintained in the business premises. Due to this, the risks associated with data loss and security threats were aggravated. The speed was also impacted for large organizations that need increased storage capacity for their servers.

Several challenges are associated with automated testing in an infrastructure-built in-house environment. The challenges include:

  • Maintaining a lab: Some organizations may build their own test labs. However, the labs must be upgraded to keep up with device and browser updates.
  • Sorting results: DevOps test automation results, application log files, and database access log files must be analyzed, which is a huge undertaking given the massive dataset.
  • Knowing when to start and stop: It may be challenging to estimate the right time to start and stop the testing process.

Cloud testing platforms accelerate test cycles by automating the provisioning of test environments and infrastructure. This enables teams to execute testing activities without workflow delays associated with manual configuration tasks. 

Testing web or mobile applications in the cloud has become essential as it enables on-demand testing from any location. 

Cloud-based testing platforms foster cross-functional collaboration through centralized tracking, helping managers assess a team member’s contribution over time. 

Cloud solutions deliver key functionality to users through three primary access models, each granting varying levels of functionality.

These models are:

  • Software as a service (SaaS) is an application model that delivers applications over the internet as a service. Users can access this service through a web browser over the internet without installing any software in their local systems. The SaaS provider will manage the hardware, software, reliability, security, availability, and scalability of the applications.
  • Platform as a service (PaaS) is an application model where the vendor delivers hardware and software resources to users over the internet, helping save developer time.
  • Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is an application model that provides virtual machines in the cloud for businesses to use. Businesses don't need to spend more on setting up multiple machines in their local setup.

What are the different types of cloud testing?

There are three main types of cloud testing conducted to verify application quality.

Cloud testing types

Source: QA Touch

Functional testing

Functional testing is conducted to ensure that business requirements are fulfilled, and the application is working as expected. Testers have to test the application with multiple input data. This can be done manually or through automated testing.

There are several different types of functional testing:

Smoke testing

Smoke testing is usually performed when a new application build is received to validate that the base workflow is working without any hassles.

Sanity testing

Sanity testing is conducted within a short period of time when a new build is received to check that the newly introduced functionality is working.  

Regression testing

Regression testing is performed after the bug-fixing stage of initial testing. It ensures bug fixes work without breaking existing parts of the application.

Integration testing

Integration testing is performed to ensure that the application works without friction when interacting with other third-party tools.

User acceptance testing

User acceptance testing is performed either by client representatives or internal business stakeholders. Usually, it is done before product launch.

Localization testing

Localization testing ensures the accuracy and compatibility of the application in particular locations and regions. It helps spot if the application is functioning fine in multiple languages and currencies.

Non-functional testing

Non-functional testing helps confirm that the software application is able to muster the non-functional requirements such as performance, scalability, and interoperability.

There are different types of non-functional testing available. They are:

Performance testing

Performance testing helps ensure the number of people who can access the application simultaneously and confirms the threshold number of concurrent users that can access the software application.

Compliance testing

Compliance testing is conducted to ensure that the design and development of the software adhere to the company’s standards as well as other compliance standards like PCI, GDPR, HIPAA, SOC2, ISO, and ADA. 

Compatibility testing

Compatibility testing checks if the application is working based on end-user needs on various operating systems, browsers, and mobile devices. 

Usability testing

Usability testing ensures that the user experience of the application is seamless. Usually, a product manager or business analyst observes the end user and notes how they interact with the product.

Security testing

Security testing flags potential threats and attacks on an application. It involves scanning for vulnerabilities, code analysis, and conducting penetration testing.

Functional testing is conducted prior to non-functional testing since the software application should be stable enough to work on non-functional testing.

  • Specific testing of cloud applications is performed for cloud applications. It has different testing types.
  • Disaster recovery testing is done to see how much time it takes to recover data after a disaster and if the application stays available to the end users without any data loss.
  • Compatibility testing is conducted to ensure the cloud application is functional and efficient on different platforms, such as mobile devices.
  • Multi-tenancy testing is conducted to check how the cloud application handles high user load due to multiple tenants sharing the same resources.

Challenges with cloud testing

While cloud testing provides several efficiencies, some key obstacles teams encounter with this model include configuring realistic test environments, validating performance across diverse platforms, and addressing security and privacy considerations for applications and data residing in the cloud.

Setting up the test environment

Some test scenarios may need modifications when migrating from an on-premises environment to the cloud. The cloud provider may not support a few specific configurations, leading to mimicking the customer environment.

Diversified components testing

The application should be tested in multiple environments, which include various mobile devices, systems, browsers, and operating systems.

Security and privacy concerns

Security is vital in cloud testing as it is performed over the internet. User privacy, data protection, and security of applications running in the cloud also need to be considered during the testing process.


If the applications are noncompliant with legal standards and regulations, then it may hurt brand reputation and lead to monetary losses.

Integration testing with multiple parts of the application

Integration testing is conducted on networks, databases, systems, devices, servers, etc. The testing team doesn’t have control over the environment in case the servers or databases crash. This also impacts the time taken to conduct the test.

Performance issues

The network bandwidth of the cloud provider may impact test results and the application latency time. Sometimes, the lack of response from the devices in the cloud servers impacts the testing cycle, leading to an increase in testing time.

What is cloud test automation?

Software development practices benefit from productivity, scalability, and flexibility via test automation. It supports Agile development and DevOps principles resulting in faster and reliable product delivery.

Cloud-based test automation empowers testers to execute automation tests in a remote environment and execute the test scripts in parallel with low effort. This helps with team collaboration. Testers can schedule and set up the test automation script execution for each code commit to the server in the CI/CD code pipeline process. 

Cloud test automation supports swift feedback reports by enabling parallel test execution. When tests run concurrently on various devices and platforms, test results are presented, and issues are spotted early in the development cycle. It helps complete bug fixes on time, restrain the escalation to later stages, and assure high-quality software product or project delivery.

Benefits of cloud testing

By leveraging the scalable infrastructure of the cloud, teams can achieve amplified test coverage, reduced execution times, easier global testing access, unlimited storage capacity, enhanced productivity, and lower costs.

Benefits of cloud testing


Source: QA Touch


When the number of test cases is higher, parallel testing helps execute the test cases faster and complete them.

Easier global application testing

Global application testing is made easier with cloud testing irrespective of the geolocation the tester resides.

Effective unlimited storage

Cloud testing provides unlimited storage, allowing users to set up auto-scaling based on usage.

Magnified test coverage

Since the application can be tested on diverse platforms, devices, browsers, and geolocations, it magnifies the test coverage of the application.

Boost productivity

Teams' productivity is increased when using the cloud for testing. Distributed test environments help reduce execution time as teams do not need to spend time setting up, running, and maintaining multiple environments.

Low cost

Since cloud testing works on a pay-as-you-go model, it saves cost without requiring huge investments to set up the labs

Cloud testing best practices and tips

By adopting cloud testing and integrating it into continuous testing and DevOps workflows, businesses can achieve higher performance, improved software quality, and faster release times.

Here are some best practices and tips to perform cloud testing for your application.

Devise a precise test strategy

Defining specific test objectives, guidelines, test approach, requirements, deliverables, and entry and exit criteria is crucial. The test strategy should be aligned with the organization’s test policy.

Choose the right cloud testing provider

“You are as good as the tools you use.”

Diligent research is necessary to choose a cloud testing provider that suits the particular needs of an organization. After implementation is done,, switching to another provider can pose multiple challenges and is time-consuming, thus incurring extra costs.

Automate the business scenarios

For a successful quality delivery of the product, tests must cover critical business scenarios. Automated testing helps reduce the testing time and effort in such cases. 

Monitor and analyze test results

Monitoring the progress of execution helps identify roadblocks to release and whether resources are overloaded or underloaded. 

Adaptable by the entire team

Equipping teams with accessible, user-friendly cloud testing processes and solutions will enable more impactful quality outcomes.

Future trends in cloud testing

Cloud testing practices are evolving continuously. 

Emerging technologies like AI and ML, virtual reality (VR) will shape the future of cloud testing.   More advanced testing environments will be needed to simulate real-world scenarios and events. 

A report by the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) recommended that a combined adoption of AI and data utilization strategy can add $500 billion to India’s GDP by 2025.

Advances in virtual and augmented reality (AR) technology have altered the software testing process. It provides the infrastructure and resources required for large-scale and real-world testing of systems. Such technologies are expected to be used in cloud testing to create realistic testing environments. Integrating AI and ML into cloud testing could change the way software is tested.

According to Harvard Business Review, low-code/no-code platforms are moving beyond simply providing feature-centric tools to enable a broader range of business workers to truly take advantage of automation and grow by creating new software applications without coding. At the same time, it also enhances the organizational skills.

Cloud testing is an eminent way for organizations to save cost and time in testing their software applications, but some companies are still hesitant to move to cloud computing solutions.

There are a few key points to consider before implementing cloud computing, such as potential security risks, compatibility issues, and regulatory compliance factors. However, cloud testing has more advantages than disadvantages overall. Adopting cloud testing strategically can prove an effective way for organizations to achieve their goals after appropriate due diligence.

Ready to secure your cloud journey? Learn the ins and outs, benefits, and implementation of cloud encryption.

Cloud computing platforms
Elevate your business to the clouds!

Discover unparalleled performance and innovation with the best cloud computing platforms.

Cloud computing platforms
Elevate your business to the clouds!

Discover unparalleled performance and innovation with the best cloud computing platforms.

Preparing for the Future of Cloud Testing This article talks about cloud testing, its models and types, along with the challenges and future trends.
Bhavani Ramasubbu Bhavani is a product manager at DCKAP QA Touch with 20+ years of experience. She is a certified scrum product owner, digital product manager, and test manager. She is passionate about testing and product management. In her free time, she likes reading, blogging, and cooking.

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