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What Is Information Technology? (+Uses in Business and Life)

Mara Calvello
Mara Calvello  |  June 11, 2019

When you hear the phrase IT, you probably think of the tech nerds at your company who fix the computer issues.

In reality, IT, or Information Technology, is much more than that. According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the term “information technology” has been around since 1958. With each year, technology encompasses more and more of our daily lives, so what IT once meant has evolved over time.

If you’re interested in learning more about IT, just keep reading!

What is Information Technology?

You would be hard-pressed to find a company that doesn’t at least partially rely on computers, IT software, and the networks that connect them during their day-to-day tasks. Simply put, most businesses and organizations would crumble without functioning IT systems. So, what exactly is information technology?

The term IT is commonly used as a synonym for computers and their networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies, like television and smartphones. Essentially, IT refers to anything related to computing technology.

Elements of Information Technology

Uses of Information Technology in business

Whether you work in a large or small business, Information Technology is going to play a large role in your day-to-day tasks. Businesses tend to use IT in three main ways: to support basic information processing tasks, to help with decision-making, and to support innovation.

For instance, when it comes to information processes, IT is used to streamline tasks from computing and printing payroll to creating presentations. IT also supports building websites for products and services.

When it comes to decision-making tasks, businesses should use IT to understand metrics like which customers have overdue accounts or when customers are showcasing shopping cart abandonment.

To support innovation, IT tools in the workplace allow for continued research on topics. Think about where we’d be without the internet. Honestly, it’s hard to fathom, but this tool is a vital aspect of information technology.

Related: Expand your vocabulary with our roundup of 70+ must-know cyber security terms and their definitions!

Uses of Information Technology in society

As a society, we have taken the steps to embrace IT more than ever before. We see it almost everywhere, but especially with online education, social networks, smartphones, job creation, agriculture, and entertainment.

One of the many segments that have changed within our society is the introduction of schools without boundaries. Thanks to IT, students can learn from anywhere there is an internet connection, no matter where they are and what their topic of interest is. The same can be said for those working remote for their place of work, as IT makes this easier than ever before.

IT is also bringing society leaps and bounds ahead of communicating and having relationships with others. Whether it be keeping up with college friends on Facebook or finding love on Match.com, Information Technology makes this all possible.

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Information Technology examples

Whether you find yourself in a conventional workplace or not, you are bound to encounter and useInformation Technology in varying aspects of your life. Some that you may encounter include:

Interested in learning more about IT software and how it applies to your daily life? Check out our roundup of the best IT software on the market!

Find the best IT software on the market. Discover Now, Free →

Information Technology jobs

When it comes to growing careers, jobs in Information Technology are skyrocketing. The field of IT encompasses a wide range of career paths, with some being more popular than others. Responsibilities range from keeping systems and data secure to making sure networks are up and running.

Popular Information Technology Jobs

Related: Learn how to become a web developer and break into the field of IT!

No matter the role, those who work in IT need to be able to solve technology problems, both big and small.

Not just for tech nerds

Information technology is composed of several moving parts, and without it, we wouldn’t have some of our most-loved products and software programs. Whether you find yourself to be extremely tech-savvy or a novice in the realm of technology, chances are you can’t go a day without using some element of information technology.

Interested in learning more about the ins and outs of IT? Check out everything you need to know about cyber security and 13 cyber security tips from the experts! Then, discover everything you need to know about cloud security

Mara Calvello
Author

Mara Calvello

Mara is a Senior Content Marketing Specialist at G2. In her spare time, she's typically at the gym polishing off a run, reading a book from her overcrowded bookshelf, or right in the middle of a Netflix binge. Obsessions include the Chicago Cubs, Harry Potter, and all of the Italian food imaginable. (she/her/hers)